Vela Luka – Ostrov Korčula
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Vela Luka

History

The earliest evidence of life and culture in this part of the Mediterranean dates back to the Neolithic period, which the region has become one of the most important prehistoric sites in Europe. Archaeological excavations began in 1974 on the site Vela spilja (Great Cave), located 100 m above the present town in a place called Pinsky rat. Here was gradually found a large amount of pottery, bone, stone, flint and many other historical remains. The excavations are now exhibited in the local museum, which is open to the public.

Named island Korcula is based on the names stand of dark pines and oaks, as evidenced by their original names Corcyra nigra (Black Korčula) and Corcyra Melaina from the Roman and Greek settlements. As expected, there was the first Greek colony founded at the beginning of the fifth Wed BC

In the 15th century began richer owners to build houses and farm buildings. Development of Vela Luka began in the 18th and early 19th century, when there was also exposed fish factory.

Tred in the city, in a renovated baroque summer residence, is located cultural center. Diverse history, culture and artistic heritage present valuable art museum collections as collections of Roman sites in the area, wooden model ships, or the collection of archaeological objects from prehistoric cave Vela spilja.

In 1978, a tidal wave hit the city. In order to assist Vela Luka was a gift of well-known domestic and foreign artists collection of sketches, prints and small sculptures. Notable are two statues of the English artist Henry Moore, his only work on Croatian territory.

I currently Vela Luka is an inspiring place of painters, sculptors and poets. Birthplace of famous artists, of which the most famous singer Oliver Dragojević.

Parish Church of St. Joseph (St. Josip) was completed in 1848. It was built in neo-Baroque style and the belfry was built in 1871. The construction of the approved Austrian commander Francis Charles, the father of Emperor Franz Joseph, who is on his way after stopping in Dalmatia.

In the restored church of St. Vincent (St. Vincent) in 1489 is exposed to the bust of Don Ivana Horeb, which greatly contributed to the cultural development of Vela Luka in the 20th century.